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Exodus 24:1-18 The Book of the Covenant

After giving the Ten Commandments to the people of Israel and the mixed multitude assembled with them, the people became so afraid of the thunder and lightning, trumpet blasting and the mountain smoking that they trembled with fear, stayed at a distance and begin to withdraw from the presence of the Almighty. 

It was at that point the people exclaimed that they preferred to talk to Moses instead of having YeHoVaH speak to them. Moses ascended the mountain to YeHoVaH and began to receive and write down the instructions given to him in a book to give to the people. YeHoVaH gave Moses a variety of instructions for the people to govern themselves as a community and a holy nation.

The people had declared that whatever YeHoVaH told Moses to tell them they would do. YeHoVaH declared to Moses what He would do on behalf of the people if they obeyed His instructions. These terms and agreements were all captured in what is called the Book of the Covenant.

The writings of Moses contains everything Moses wrote from Genesis - Deuteronomy 

It is referenced in the Bible as the Book of Moses.

2Ch 25:4 But he slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin. 


2Ch 35:12 And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen. 


Ezr 6:18 And they set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses. 


Ne 13:1 On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever; 

Mk 12:26 And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?

By the time the translators and interpreters were done, Moses had written five Books.

There are no verses in the Bible referencing: 

The Book of Genesis

The Book of Exodus

The Book of Leviticus

The Book of Numbers

The Book of Deuteronomy

The Book of Moses includes:

  • The Creation story

  • All Covenants written in the Book of Moses including the Book of the Covenant

  • The Book of the Law of Moses and The Book of the Law Exodus 12:43 - Deuteronomy 33:29 as referenced and spoken to Joshua in Joshua 1:8

Jos 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.


Ex 24:1 And He said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. 

Ex 24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. 

Ex 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. 

04941 מִשְׁפָּט mishpat {mish-pawt'} Meaning:  1) judgment, justice, ordinance 1a) judgment 1a1) act of deciding a case 1a2) place, court, seat of judgment 1a3) process, procedure, litigation (before judges) 1a4) case, cause (presented for judgment) 1a5) sentence, decision (of judgment) 1a6) execution (of judgment) 1a7) time (of judgment)

1b) justice, right, rectitude (attributes of God or man) 1c) ordinance 1d) decision (in law) 1e) right, privilege, due (legal) 1f) proper, fitting, measure, fitness, custom, manner, plan 

Usage:  AV - judgment 296, manner 38, right 18, cause 12, ordinance 11, lawful 7, order 5, worthy 3, fashion 3, custom 2, discretion 2, law 2, measure 2, sentence 2, misc 18; 421

Ex 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 

Ex 24:5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. 

Ex 24:6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basins; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.

Ex 24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient. 

The Book of the Covenant 

Exodus 20:1 - Exodus 23:33

The Book of the Covenant does not contain

A Levitical Priesthood

A Tabernacle

Sacrifice Commandments…

The Book of the Covenant contains the Ten Commandments, an elaboration of the Ten Commandments, and additional Commandments given to Moses during his communion with YeHoVaH from Exodus 20 up to Exodus 23:33

Ex 24:8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words. 

The Book of Hebrews records:

Heb 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, 

Heb 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. 

Heb 9:21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. 

Heb 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged/purified/made clean with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Ex 24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: 

Ex 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. 

Who saw God/YeHoVaH?

Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel

Ex 24:11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink. 


Nobles – 0678 אָצִיל 'atsiyl {aw-tseel'} 

Meaning:  1) side, corner, chief 2) (CLBL) nobles (fig.) 

Usage:  AV - nobles 1, chief men 1; 2

They saw YeHoVaH and He did not lay hands, harm, or kill them.

After the Book of the Covenant had been given, Moses goes up the mountain to receive Tablets, A Law, and Commandments written by YeHoVaH.

Ex 24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them. 

Ex 24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God. 

At this point Joshua, Moses' minister, was one of the elders/nobles.

Ex 24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them. 

Ex 24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 

Ex 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 

Ex 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 

Ex 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

Although Moses comes down the mountain with tablets of stones, it is not the only Commandments or instructions given to him while he communed with YeHoVaH for forty days as we will investigate going forward.


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