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Exodus 13:1-16 Redeeming the Firstborn

YeHoVaH informed Pharaoh that Israel was His son, even His firstborn, and to let His firstborn go so that he might serve Him. 

Ex 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: 

Ex 4:23 And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.

Pharaoh’s refusal to let Israel go, set forth the Passover and the Exodus event as YeHoVaH redeemed Israel, His firstborn, from Egypt’s bondage.  

The redemption of the firstborn was another Command that YeHoVaH instituted as a reminder of His redemption of Israel.

Redeeming the Firstborn is a Command that many in the Messianic and Hebrew Roots communities have forgotten or neglected. 

Ex 13:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 

Ex 13:2 Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. 

Sanctify – 06942 קָדַשׁ qadash {kaw-dash'} 

Meaning:  1) to consecrate, sanctify, prepare, dedicate, be hallowed, be holy, be sanctified, be separate

Usage:  AV - sanctify 108, hallow 25, dedicate 10, holy 7, prepare 7, consecrate 5, appointed 1, bid 1, purified 1, misc 7; 172


Firstborn – 01060 בְּכוֹר bekowr {bek-ore'} 

Meaning:  1) firstborn, firstling 1a) of men and women 1b) of animals 1c) noun of relation (fig.) 

Usage:  AV - firstborn 101, firstling 10, eldest 4, firstborn + 01121 1, eldest son 1; 117 

Clean animals can redeem unclean animals.

Ex 34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.

The firstborn male of an ass could be redeemed by a clean animal or put to death by breaking its neck.


All firstborn males shalt be redeemed.

  • Ex 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. 
  • Ex 13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib. 
  • Ex 13:5 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month. 
  • Ex 13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. 
  • Ex 13:7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

Eating Unleavened Bread for seven days was a sign upon thine hand and a memorial between thine eyes.

 Keeping these Feasts were honoring YeHoVaH’s Law.

  • Ex 13:8 And thou shalt show thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt. 
  • Ex 13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD'S law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.

We are to speak these Commandments and we are to Keep these Commandments.

Doing the Commandments is Obeying the Commandments.

“Hearers and Doers”

We don’t just honor YeHoVaH with our lips. The words are not just in our mouths, but our actions demonstrate His Law!

Memorial – 02146 זִכָּרוֹן zikrown {zik-rone'} 

Meaning:  1) memorial, reminder, remembrance 

Origin:  from 02142; TWOT - 551b; n m

Usage:  AV - memorial 17, remembrance 6, records 1; 24

Unleavened Bread was to be kept year to year.

Ex 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. 

Ex 13:11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, 


  • Firstborns are males 
  • Not females
  • Sons not daughters


Ex 13:12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD'S. 

Ex 13:13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem. 


Redeem – 06299 פָּדָה padah {paw-daw'} 

Meaning:  1) to ransom, redeem, rescue, deliver 1a) (Qal) to ransom 1b) (Niphal) to be ransomed 1c) (Hiphil) to allow one to be ransomed 1d) (Hophal) redeemed 

Usage:  AV - redeem 48, deliver 5, ransom 2, rescued 1, misc 3; 59


 Ex 13:14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 

Further clarification of firstborn to be males. Not females. Sons not daughters.

Ex 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.  

YeHoVaH gave the Command to redeem the firstborn male that opens the matrix of man and beasts. 

Male children did not have a choice to be redeemed or not redeemed.  Israel was commanded to redeem the firstborn males. 

Instructions for redeeming the firstborn males. 

Nu 18:15 Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, whether it be of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem.

Nu 18:16 And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shalt thou redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs.

According to Scripture, the redemption price is 5 Shekels of Silver.  1 Shekel of Silver is between 11.2 -12.2 grams.  That makes 5 Shekels a weight of 56 - 61 grams of Silver. Silver is measured in troy ounces which are equal to 31.103 grams.

5 Shekels is about 2 troy ounces of Silver, at the market price. 1 troy ounce Silver coin costs $25-30, so the redeeming money required for 2 Silver coins would be $50-60.

To redeem your firstborn son, if he is alive, you would contact us and let us know of your intention, send in the redemption Silver or money equivalent, and it would be done. 

Ex 13:16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.

Talmud versus Torah

Jewish law verse Biblical Law

Bar mitzvah

Why are Bar Mitzvahs on the Sabbath? Talmud requires the bar be held the first Sabbath after the male turns thirteen.

Military age is 18 years according to Israel’s law.

In Biblical Law it is 20 years of age.

Circumcision on the eighth day

Redemption of the firstborn 

Both are required by Torah

Mezuzahs = Posts

Exodus 12

Phylacteries = Frontlets

Exodus 13

Figure of speech



Prayer cloths = Religion


Whenever I see someone about to preach with a prayer cloth on, I know up front that I am about to be introduced to, presented, or taught some form of Judaism or some hybrid Judeo Christianity.

It is important that we stay within the context of what is written. Once we go outside the context of what is written, we subject ourselves to the religion and traditions of men trying to justify their traditions with the Scriptures.

Last Updated on October 19, 2021 by

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